Your crane, pump and forklift all use hydraulics. They’re a wonder of the mechanical world because they move items that are otherwise impossible to budge. You’ve probably seen the basics before, from the piston to the hydraulic hose, but there’s even more to these systems. Learn all about the hydraulic accumulator and why it’s so critical to daily operations. It’s a silent workhorse.
Understanding the Main Purpose
What is a hydraulic accumulator? Its main purpose is to store excess hydraulic fluid and mix it with gas. This storage strategy leaves the fluid at a desired pressure. When the hydraulic system requires more energy, the accumulator is there to deliver it.
The accumulator is typically constructed as a cylinder where pressures have a chance to ebb and flow. Fluid remains in place when the system isn’t operating at peak levels. As the system demands more energy, the energized fluid rapidly moves to the pump and into the hoses.
Breaking Down the Top Four Types
According to Hydraulics & Pneumatics, there are four types of accumulators. The industry refers to them with these descriptors, such as:
- Bladder or diaphragm
- Weight-loaded piston
- Hydro-pneumatic piston
Most modern accumulators use the hydro-pneumatic design. A mixture of fluid and air creates the necessary pressures. The other three tend to be either too large, costly or problematic.
A small hydraulic accumulator can do a reliable job when it’s matched to the proper system. Size doesn’t always matter. The device may have a fixed size, but the pressures can vary to the extremes. For this reason, the hydro-pneumatic design dominates the marketplace.
Smoothing out Operations
The hydraulic pump would quickly break down without the help of a small hydraulic accumulator. These systems are constantly moving and shifting pressures. The pump forces the pressure to move in a certain direction. Forces within the system aren’t always steady, however. The pump deals with too much or too little pressure on a regular basis.
The accumulator offers a finite amount of fluid and gas whenever an unsteady environment occurs. It backs up the pump’s operations. The system works like clockwork as a result of this design.
Because the piston is the component of choice in most systems, the hydraulic pressure accumulator becomes a natural solution to a typical drawback. Pistons create pulsations as they move. They don’t operate at a perfect and steady speed. The pulsations cause pressure fluctuations in the pump and adjacent components.
Match the accumulator to the piston’s pulsations, and smooth operations are the result. The piston remains as a tried-and-true component without its negative impact of pulsations in the system.
Temperature changes and even hydraulic-fluid leaks can lead to unstable movements within a hydraulic system. Putting a hydraulic accumulator into action will control the load as the system operates.
As the system’s pressure fluctuates, the accumulator offers more or less pressure from its energy reserves. It reacts almost instantaneously. The reaction at the load’s level is almost negligible. From an exterior view, the system seems to work with a smooth and seamless movement. It’s the accumulator that’s to thank for that reliability.
GlobalSpec points out that a hydraulic pressure accumulator softens the noise generated by rapid movements within the system. As pistons and other parts move into position, they abruptly stop. There isn’t a gradual slowdown. The stopping motion creates a shock wave behind the components. Noise and pinging are the result of this scenario.
Without the accumulator, the noise will systematically wear down the system. The accumulator offers a buffer with fluid-and-gas pressure. Any noise generated by the system now is calmed with the accumulator’s counter measures.
For any questions about your accumulator hydraulic circuit, contact Motion & Flow Control Products! The system may appear complex, but we can break it down for you. Understanding your components is the smartest way to get the most out of them. Run your hydraulics like a professional today.