Understanding How Hydraulics Work

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Hydraulics are a part of many common systems, including car brakes and machinery. While many people are familiar with the term “hydraulics,” not everyone knows the definition of “hydraulics” or how hydraulics work. Regardless of the product they’re used in, hydraulics systems provide control, power, reliability, and safety. At MFCP, we provide top products and have answers for the common question “how do hydraulics work?”.

How Hydraulics Work

Hydraulics work by creating an upward force acting on a liquid. This motion helps to equalize pressure. A common explanation for hydraulics also entails energy. What is hydraulic energy, you wonder? Energy produces force, which is required to move the various components within a system. For that reason, these systems are comprised of two parts, which include a narrow end and a wider end. Energy passes through both ends, moving more slowly at the wider end and more quickly at the narrow end. This transfer of energy ultimately causes a proper balance of energy in the system.

Hydraulic Equipment Components

What is hydraulic equipment, you wonder? It is machinery that includes the following common parts:

  • Reservoir
  • Hydraulic pump
  • Electric motor
  • Valves
  • Hydraulic cylinder

By definition, the reservoir is the part of the system that contains fluid. The pump is responsible for moving liquid through the hydraulic mechanism. It also changes motion and mechanical energy into fluid power. The electric motor is a part that provides power to the hydraulic pump. There can be a variety of different valves on a hydraulic system, depending on the size and type of the system. All valves perform the same function, which is to regulate liquid flow and alleviate a build-up of pressure within the system as needed. The hydraulic cylinder is another part found in hydraulic systems. Its job is to change hydraulic energy into mechanical energy.

This list of the most common parts gives you some indication of how hydraulics work. However, keep in mind that systems come in many different forms. This means there may be some differences and variations among the components found in various operating systems.

Common Uses for Hydraulics

Hydraulics work in many places. This includes on ships, construction equipment, elevators, and electrical motors. On ships, hydraulic systems serve a variety of useful purposes. Systems designed for cargo carriers makes it easier for the ships to transport heavy materials. It also makes it easier for them to carry out cargo operations. A ship’s engine room also contains hydraulic equipment, such as the automatic control system. This system regulates valve position and pneumatic air pressure within the engine room. Hydraulics work in stabilizers as well to prevent ships from rolling over. Along with these internal systems, hydraulic-based equipment is also found on tools and machinery located on a ship’s deck. Hydraulics work on many types of construction equipment, too. If you’re wondering how hydraulics work to make equipment safe and efficient, we have the answers. A tractor, for instance, is equipped with a hydraulic-based hedge-cutter. The cutter, which is heavy and nearly impossible for humans to operate, can be easily maneuvered using hydraulics that include a flexible arm and a wide range of motion. These systems are also found on elevators. Elevators can operate either with a pulley-like system with a cable and a motor or hydraulics. Hydraulic rams are typically used to power smaller elevators. Although they are more cost-effective than traditional elevators, they may use considerably larger amounts of power.

At MFCP, we carry a large range of hydraulics to meet your needs. Hydraulic-based systems are found on vessels, construction machinery, elevators, and electrical motors. If you’re wondering “how do hydraulic-based systems fit into into my business practice?”, contact us for assistance.